The European Union cohesion policy intends to strengthen the Community’s economic and social cohesion in order to promote a harmonious, balanced and sustainable development of the Community, while at the same time reducing the economic, social and territorial disparities. In its guidelines for territorial cooperation for the Financial Perspective 2007-2013 the European Commission highlights territorial cohesion, which has together with economical and social cohesion significant role in achievement of objectives of Lisbon and Gothenburg strategies. New cohesion policy defines European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) as its third objective, which is oriented towards strengthening of cross-border, transnacional and interregional cooperation.
On European level 2,52 % or 7,75 billion Euros of all cohesion funds have been assigned for European Territorial Cooperation (objective 3) is. Out of this, most funds, namely 73,86 % or 5.576 billion Euros from European Territorial Cooperation objective are assigned to cross-border cooperation, 20,95 % or 1.582 billion Euros to transnacional and 5,19 % or 392 million Euros to interregional cooperation.
In view of the central geo-political level and the fact that the majority of Slovenia’s population lives in the border area, the European territorial cooperation (Objective 3) remains one of the key instruments for encouraging development of the border regions and herewith of the whole country.
Regarding the scope of assistance, the European territorial cooperation objective of the 2007-2013 programming period focuses its assistance provided by the ERDF on three main cooperation fields:
In the frame of European Territorial Cooperation, the Operational Programme Slovenia – Hungary 2007-2013 is to be implemented to promote and assist cross-border cooperation between Republic of Slovenia and Republic of Hungary.
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